Creative, Placement, and Preview

Use Facebook ads with your existing customers and to reach new ones. Each guide describes Facebook\'s ads products to help meet your advertising goals. The are several types of ad units with a variety of appearances, placement and creative options. For guidelines on ads units as creative content see Facebook Ads Guide.

Creative

An ad creative is an object that contains all the data for visually rendering the ad itself. In the API, there are different types of ads that you can create on Facebook, all listed here.

Suppose you have a campaign with Page Post Engagement Objective, you will now create an ad that promotes a post made by the page. This is considered a Page post ad. Page post ads require a field called object_story_id, which is the id property of a Page post, see Ad Creative, Reference

Ad creative has three parts: - the ad creative itself, defined by the visual attributes of the creative object; - the placement that the ad will run on; - and the preview of the unit itself, per placement.

To create the ad creative object make the following call:

use FacebookAds\Object\AdCreative;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdCreativeFields;

$creative = new AdCreative(null, 'act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>');

$creative->setData(array(
  AdCreativeFields::NAME => 'Sample Promoted Post',
  AdCreativeFields::OBJECT_STORY_ID => <POST_ID>,
));

$creative->create();
from facebookads.adobjects.adcreative import AdCreative

creative = AdCreative(parent_id='act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>')
creative[AdCreative.Field.object_story_id] = <POST_ID>
creative[AdCreative.Field.name] = 'AdCreative with post ID'

creative.remote_create()
print(creative)
AdCreative adCreative = new AdAccount(act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>, context).createAdCreative()
  .setName("Sample Promoted Post")
  .setObjectStoryId(object_story_id)
  .execute();
String ad_creative_id = adCreative.getId();
curl \
  -F 'name=Sample Promoted Post' \
  -F 'object_story_id=<POST_ID>' \
  -F 'access_token=<ACCESS_TOKEN>' \
  https://graph.facebook.com/v2.8/act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>/adcreatives

The response to the API call will be the id of the creative object. Store this, as you'll need it for the ad object:

use FacebookAds\Object\Ad;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdFields;

$data = array(
  AdFields::NAME => 'My Ad',
  AdFields::ADSET_ID => <AD_SET_ID>,
  AdFields::CREATIVE => array(
    'creative_id' => <CREATIVE_ID>,
  ),
);

$ad = new Ad(null, 'act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>');
$ad->setData($data);
$ad->create(array(
  Ad::STATUS_PARAM_NAME => Ad::STATUS_PAUSED,
));
from facebookads.adobjects.ad import Ad

ad = Ad(parent_id='act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>')
ad[Ad.Field.name] = 'My Ad'
ad[Ad.Field.adset_id] = <AD_SET_ID>
ad[Ad.Field.creative] = {
    'creative_id': <CREATIVE_ID>,
}
ad.remote_create(params={
    'status': Ad.Status.paused,
})
Ad ad = new AdAccount(act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>, context).createAd()
  .setName("My Ad")
  .setAdsetId(<AD_SET_ID>)
  .setCreative(
    new AdCreative()
      .setFieldId(<CREATIVE_ID>)
  )
  .setStatus(Ad.EnumStatus.VALUE_PAUSED)
  .execute();
curl \
  -F 'name=My Ad' \
  -F 'adset_id=<AD_SET_ID>' \
  -F 'creative={"creative_id":"<CREATIVE_ID>"}' \
  -F 'status=PAUSED' \
  -F 'access_token=<ACCESS_TOKEN>' \
  https://graph.facebook.com/v2.8/act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>/ads

Creative Limits

There are limits on the creative's text, image size, image aspect ratio, and other aspects of the creative, see Ads API limits.

Read

In the Ads API, each field you wish to retrieve needs to be asked for explicitly, except for id. Each object's Reference has a section for reading back the object and lists what fields are readable. For the creative, it's the same fields as specified when creating the object, and id:

use FacebookAds\Object\AdCreative;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdCreativeFields;

$creative = new AdCreative(<CREATIVE_ID>);
$creative->read(array(
  AdCreativeFields::NAME,
  AdCreativeFields::OBJECT_STORY_ID,
));
from facebookads.adobjects.adcreative import AdCreative

creative = AdCreative(<CREATIVE_ID>)
creative.remote_read(
    fields=[AdCreative.Field.name, AdCreative.Field.object_story_id]
)
AdCreative adCreative2 = new AdCreative(<CREATIVE_ID>, context).get()
  .requestNameField()
  .requestObjectStoryIdField()
  .execute();
curl -G \
  -d 'fields=name,object_story_id' \
  -d 'access_token=<ACCESS_TOKEN>' \
  https://graph.facebook.com/v2.5/<CREATIVE_ID>

Placements

Placement is where your ad is shown on Facebook such as on News Feed on desktop, News Feed on a mobile device or on the right column, see Ads Product Guide.

In our example, we have page post ad, so the placements available are Mobile News Feed, Desktop News Feed, and Right column of Facebook. In the API, see Placement Options. Let's choose desktopfeed and rightcolumn as the page_type, so our ad runs on Desktop News Feed and Right column placements. Any ad created below this ad set will have only desktop placement as expected.

use FacebookAds\Object\AdSet;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdSetFields;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\TargetingFields;
use FacebookAds\Object\Targeting;
use FacebookAds\Object\Values\AdSetBillingEventValues;
use FacebookAds\Object\Values\AdSetOptimizationGoalValues;

$adset = new AdSet(null, 'act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>');
$adset->setData(array(
  AdSetFields::NAME => 'Desktop Ad Set',
  AdSetFields::CAMPAIGN_ID => <CAMPAIGN_ID>,
  AdSetFields::DAILY_BUDGET => 10000,
  AdSetFields::TARGETING => (new Targeting())->setData(array(
    TargetingFields::PUBLISHER_PLATFORMS => array(
      'facebook',
      'audience_network',
    ),
    TargetingFields::GEO_LOCATIONS => array(
      'countries' => array('BR'),
    ),
  )),
  AdSetFields::OPTIMIZATION_GOAL =>
    AdSetOptimizationGoalValues::POST_ENGAGEMENT,
  AdSetFields::BILLING_EVENT => AdSetBillingEventValues::POST_ENGAGEMENT,
  AdSetFields::BID_AMOUNT => 1500,
));

$adset->create(array(
  AdSet::STATUS_PARAM_NAME => AdSet::STATUS_PAUSED,
));
from facebookads.adobjects.adset import AdSet
from facebookads.adobjects.targeting import Targeting

adset = AdSet(parent_id='act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>')
adset[AdSet.Field.name] = 'Desktop Ad Set'
adset[AdSet.Field.campaign_id] = <CAMPAIGN_ID>
adset[AdSet.Field.daily_budget] = 10000
adset[AdSet.Field.targeting] = {
    Targeting.Field.publisher_platforms: ['facebook', 'audience_network'],
    Targeting.Field.facebook_positions: ['feed'],
    Targeting.Field.geo_locations: {
        'countries': ['BR'],
    },
}
adset[AdSet.Field.optimization_goal] = AdSet.OptimizationGoal.post_engagement
adset[AdSet.Field.billing_event] = AdSet.BillingEvent.post_engagement
adset[AdSet.Field.bid_amount] = 1500

adset.remote_create(params={
    'status': AdSet.Status.paused,
})
AdSet adSet = new AdAccount(act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>, context).createAdSet()
  .setName("Desktop Ad Set")
  .setCampaignId(<CAMPAIGN_ID>)
  .setDailyBudget(10000L)
  .setTargeting(
    new Targeting()
      .setFieldGeoLocations(
        new TargetingGeoLocation()
          .setFieldCountries(Arrays.asList("BR"))
      )
      .setFieldPublisherPlatforms(Arrays.asList("facebook", "audience_network"))
  )
  .setOptimizationGoal(AdSet.EnumOptimizationGoal.VALUE_POST_ENGAGEMENT)
  .setBillingEvent(AdSet.EnumBillingEvent.VALUE_POST_ENGAGEMENT)
  .setBidAmount(1500L)
  .setStatus(AdSet.EnumStatus.VALUE_PAUSED)
  .execute();
String ad_set_id = adSet.getId();
curl \
  -F 'name=Desktop Ad Set' \
  -F 'campaign_id=<CAMPAIGN_ID>' \
  -F 'daily_budget=10000' \
  -F 'targeting={ 
    "geo_locations": {"countries":["BR"]}, 
    "publisher_platforms": ["facebook","audience_network"] 
  }' \
  -F 'optimization_goal=POST_ENGAGEMENT' \
  -F 'billing_event=POST_ENGAGEMENT' \
  -F 'bid_amount=1500' \
  -F 'status=PAUSED' \
  -F 'access_token=<ACCESS_TOKEN>' \
  https://graph.facebook.com/v2.8/act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>/adsets

Ad Previews

There are two ways to do preview an ad: with ad preview API or the ad preview plugin. There are three ways to generate a preview with the API:

  1. By ad ID
  2. By ad creative ID
  3. By supplying a creative spec

Following the reference docs for the preview API, the minimum required API call is:

use FacebookAds\Object\AdAccount;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdPreviewFields;

$account = new AdAccount('act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>');
$account->getGeneratePreviews(array(), array(
  AdPreviewFields::CREATIVE => <CREATIVE_SPEC>,
  AdPreviewFields::AD_FORMAT => '<FORMAT>',
));
from facebookads.adobjects.adaccount import AdAccount
from facebookads.adobjects.adpreview import AdPreview
from facebookads.adobjects.adcreative import AdCreative

account = AdAccount('act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>')
params = {
    'creative': <CREATIVE_SPEC>,
    'ad_format': '<FORMAT>',
}
account.get_generate_previews(params=params)
APINodeList<AdPreview> adPreviews = new AdAccount(act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>, context).getGeneratePreviews()
  .setCreative(<CREATIVE_SPEC>)
  .setAdFormat(<FORMAT>)
  .execute();
curl -G \
  -d 'creative=<CREATIVE_SPEC>' \
  -d 'ad_format=<FORMAT>' \
  -d 'access_token=<ACCESS_TOKEN>' \
  https://graph.facebook.com/v2.8/act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>/generatepreviews

The creative spec is an array of each field and value required to create the ad creative.

Currently, our ad creative call looks like:

use FacebookAds\Object\AdCreative;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdCreativeFields;

$creative = new AdCreative(null, 'act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>');

$creative->setData(array(
  AdCreativeFields::NAME => 'Sample Promoted Post',
  AdCreativeFields::OBJECT_STORY_ID => <POST_ID>,
));

$creative->create();
from facebookads.adobjects.adcreative import AdCreative

creative = AdCreative(parent_id='act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>')
creative[AdCreative.Field.object_story_id] = <POST_ID>
creative[AdCreative.Field.name] = 'AdCreative with post ID'

creative.remote_create()
print(creative)
AdCreative adCreative = new AdAccount(act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>, context).createAdCreative()
  .setName("Sample Promoted Post")
  .setObjectStoryId(object_story_id)
  .execute();
String ad_creative_id = adCreative.getId();
curl \
  -F 'name=Sample Promoted Post' \
  -F 'object_story_id=<POST_ID>' \
  -F 'access_token=<ACCESS_TOKEN>' \
  https://graph.facebook.com/v2.8/act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>/adcreatives

Take object_story_id and use it in the preview API call:

use FacebookAds\Object\AdAccount;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdPreviewFields;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdCreativeFields;

$account = new AdAccount('act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>');
$account->getGeneratePreviews(array(), array(
  AdPreviewFields::CREATIVE => array(
    AdCreativeFields::OBJECT_STORY_ID => <POST_ID>,
  ),
  AdPreviewFields::AD_FORMAT => '<FORMAT>',
));
from facebookads.adobjects.adaccount import AdAccount
from facebookads.adobjects.adpreview import AdPreview
from facebookads.adobjects.adcreative import AdCreative

account = AdAccount('act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>')
params = {
    'creative': {
        AdCreative.Field.object_story_id: '<POST_ID>',
    },
    'ad_format': '<FORMAT>',
}
account.get_generate_previews(params=params)
APINodeList<AdPreview> adPreviews = new AdAccount(act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>, context).getGeneratePreviews()
  .setCreative(
    new AdCreative()
      .setFieldObjectStoryId(<OBJECT_STORY_ID>)
  )
  .setAdFormat(<FORMAT>)
  .execute();
curl -G \
  -d 'creative={"object_story_id":"<POST_ID>"}' \
  -d 'ad_format=<FORMAT>' \
  -d 'access_token=<ACCESS_TOKEN>' \
  https://graph.facebook.com/v2.8/act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>/generatepreviews

The available values for ad_format differ a bit from page_types, but since we have selected Desktop News Feed and Right column of Facebook, we should make two API calls to generate the previews for each placement:

use FacebookAds\Object\AdAccount;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdPreviewFields;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdCreativeFields;
use FacebookAds\Object\Values\AdPreviewAdFormatValues;

$account = new AdAccount('act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>');
$account->getGeneratePreviews(array(), array(
  AdPreviewFields::CREATIVE => array(
    AdCreativeFields::OBJECT_STORY_ID => <POST_ID>,
  ),
  AdPreviewFields::AD_FORMAT => AdPreviewAdFormatValues::DESKTOP_FEED_STANDARD,
));
from facebookads.adobjects.adaccount import AdAccount
from facebookads.adobjects.adpreview import AdPreview
from facebookads.adobjects.adcreative import AdCreative

account = AdAccount('act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>')
params = {
    'creative': {
        AdCreative.Field.object_story_id: '<POST_ID>',
    },
    'ad_format': AdPreview.AdFormat.desktop_feed_standard,
}
account.get_generate_previews(params=params)
APINodeList<AdPreview> adPreviews = new AdAccount(act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>, context).getGeneratePreviews()
  .setCreative(
    new AdCreative()
      .setFieldObjectStoryId(<OBJECT_STORY_ID>)
  )
  .setAdFormat(AdPreview.EnumAdFormat.VALUE_DESKTOP_FEED_STANDARD)
  .execute();
curl -G \
  -d 'creative={"object_story_id":"<POST_ID>"}' \
  -d 'ad_format=DESKTOP_FEED_STANDARD' \
  -d 'access_token=<ACCESS_TOKEN>' \
  https://graph.facebook.com/v2.8/act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>/generatepreviews
use FacebookAds\Object\AdAccount;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdPreviewFields;
use FacebookAds\Object\Fields\AdCreativeFields;
use FacebookAds\Object\Values\AdPreviewAdFormatValues;

$account = new AdAccount('act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>');
$account->getGeneratePreviews(array(), array(
  AdPreviewFields::CREATIVE => array(
    AdCreativeFields::OBJECT_STORY_ID => <POST_ID>,
  ),
  AdPreviewFields::AD_FORMAT => AdPreviewAdFormatValues::RIGHT_COLUMN_STANDARD,
));
from facebookads.adobjects.adaccount import AdAccount
from facebookads.adobjects.adpreview import AdPreview
from facebookads.adobjects.adcreative import AdCreative

account = AdAccount('act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>')
params = {
    'creative': {
        AdCreative.Field.object_story_id: '<POST_ID>',
    },
    'ad_format': AdPreview.AdFormat.right_column_standard,
}
account.get_generate_previews(params=params)
APINodeList<AdPreview> adPreviews = new AdAccount(act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>, context).getGeneratePreviews()
  .setCreative(
    new AdCreative()
      .setFieldObjectStoryId(<OBJECT_STORY_ID>)
  )
  .setAdFormat(AdPreview.EnumAdFormat.VALUE_RIGHT_COLUMN_STANDARD)
  .execute();
curl -G \
  -d 'creative={"object_story_id":"<POST_ID>"}' \
  -d 'ad_format=RIGHT_COLUMN_STANDARD' \
  -d 'access_token=<ACCESS_TOKEN>' \
  https://graph.facebook.com/v2.8/act_<AD_ACCOUNT_ID>/generatepreviews

The response is an iFrame that is valid for 24 hrs.